First Flight on Another Planet!

  • нийтэлсэн 8 өдрийн өмнө

    Veritasium

    Үргэлжлэх хугацаа: 16:01

    The Mars Helicopter aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars as part of the Mars 2020 mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover.
    How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
    Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
    Plus the aircraft has to be light:
    The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
    One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
    Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
    The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
    Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
    Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
    Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.

Vlad Quake
Vlad Quake

How did they test the gyro & sensor fusion of Mars magnetic field?

5 цагийн өмнө
madcap magician
madcap magician

SO question you may be able to get an answer to, why did they choose battery power instead of a small nuclear type power system that could provide its own heat and not need to be recharged?

9 цагийн өмнө
Charles-A Rovira
Charles-A Rovira

I bet a couple of our old KH-11 satellites (like the kind _gifted_ to *Google* ) making trips *'round Mars* would provide pretty good resolution.

10 цагийн өмнө
Stephan Cote
Stephan Cote

Why not use a blimp?

11 цагийн өмнө
Coin Hodler
Coin Hodler

🤔When you fly a drone on Mars the signal will not be in real time,. It takes the speed of light 4min to travel to Mars and 4min back!!

11 цагийн өмнө
Krzychu K.
Krzychu K.

thunderf00t

12 цагийн өмнө
rbwannasee
rbwannasee

It'll get stuck in the only tree on Mars.

12 цагийн өмнө
Arashi Mokuzai
Arashi Mokuzai

This dinky little copter costs more than a full size one.

14 цагийн өмнө
Julius Sokolowski
Julius Sokolowski

Only a true aeronautical engineer calls transonic flow "funky"! My kinda guy!

15 цагийн өмнө
Gaimz
Gaimz

lol 90 seconds in flight.

16 цагийн өмнө
Jānis Grīnvalds
Jānis Grīnvalds

Maybe I would add some charged spring mechanism to launch it for easier takeoff. As another concept I would consider pneumatical rocket as "bouncer"... but retractable helicopter blades as autogiro landing(as maple seeds).

17 цагийн өмнө
prabanjan raja
prabanjan raja

i have exam today at 9:45 am yet i am here watching this at 1:10 Am because its so interesting than what i study man i wish studying can be interesting ;)

17 цагийн өмнө
Paul J
Paul J

This little toy will never actually see flight in mars, but enjoy the trickery. Oh and before you say, so these engineers are in on it, no they are not and that is the beauty of the deception. Now on to the more interesting part, your ineffective insults or Ad hominem's towards me.

17 цагийн өмнө
Sridhar Bheeman
Sridhar Bheeman

How is it going to land and change direction ?

17 цагийн өмнө
Adenzel
Adenzel

They made their own wind tunnel using computer fans... both wonderful and scary how they hack things together like this with of the shelf parts, determination and a generous sprinkling of genius

17 цагийн өмнө
confuseatronica
confuseatronica

first powered flight on another planet is the MSL Skycrane on Mars. It hovered in place, dropped the rover, then flew up and to the side in a controlled way before it crashed. That has to count. need another term to cover what you mean- maybe "aerodynamic flight" or "wingborne flight"

18 цагийн өмнө
petegalvs
petegalvs

Is it possible to get a low altitude orbit satellite on Mars?

18 цагийн өмнө
Eng. EAR JR
Eng. EAR JR

Pior e um cara desse acreditar que fomos a outro planeta.

18 цагийн өмнө
David Davids
David Davids

some info. in case you cannot see it for YOURSELF, this is another sillyass idea, foisted on us, by Big Science. (it ranks up there with the, 'water on mars' LIE.) why is this true. the atmospheric density on mars is estimated to be .06% of earth's. in other words, .0006 times 101,325 pascals; = 608 pascals. there is almost NOTHING for rotors to push around, in order to make THRUST. a rotor speed of 2500 rpm will NOT do ANYTHING; 200,000 rpm MIGHT work. the weaker martian gravity does NOT make the atmosphere any more dense. maybe someone should tell the fools, at JPL. googletranslate water on mars lmao https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7UcQuHYmTrE

21 цагийн өмнө
John 2018
John 2018

All they need to do now is to research how to put food in the bellies of millions of starving people out there, and how to spread around, more equitably and productively, some of the squillions hoarded by the gangster élites that control this planet.

22 цагийн өмнө
Justin Hollohead
Justin Hollohead

You went to JPL or fantasy land, this is what happens in the fanatical world of the globe society. CGI, doctored photos and no tangible proof they even left low earth orbit, what a fantasy,

22 цагийн өмнө
Robert Carrillo
Robert Carrillo

such a good video. well done.

22 цагийн өмнө
Mohammad Al Adham
Mohammad Al Adham

They don't want the propellers to break the speed of sound, but isn't that harder on Mars since the speed of sound would be slower than that on Earth because of the lower pressure?

Өдрийн өмнө
Mikhail Martinez
Mikhail Martinez

I understood seventy percent of this but loved a hundred percent of it

Өдрийн өмнө
mak c
mak c

Plz get off all your blue shirts We are sick of seeing them

Өдрийн өмнө
PHYSICS PALACE
PHYSICS PALACE

https://youtu.be/9l25VAJmFiA

Өдрийн өмнө
thisismycoolnickname
thisismycoolnickname

Somebody's playing around with the flashdrive at 0:41 lol

Өдрийн өмнө
Dark GT
Dark GT

There are some things I don't like in the model. First, why spending so much power on heating? They could use the radioactive decay of some elements for heating, also the battery can be charged with some atomic battery. They didn't resolve one recurring problem that is shared with the rovers too, the cleaning of the sun panels. When it get dusty, is no longer efficient as before. I bet there is a way to clean the panels. Anyway , that's is one step in the right direction for future exploration.

Өдрийн өмнө
hasnain mustak
hasnain mustak

Elon Musk: I need to organize a drone race there.

Өдрийн өмнө
Andrè
Andrè

Yeah right. We dont have proof nor actual video of leaving earth behind. Full video. Missing :)) its to be or not now!! People think that small clip or shuttle going to the sky high up is space. Its not. THEY CANT get higher :))

Өдрийн өмнө
Yiyi Yan
Yiyi Yan

This is such an inspiring video to future aircraft designer, that my blood starts to boil thinking about solving these challenges and seeing this vehicle flying on Mars! Thank you very much Veritasium, please keep motivating and enlightening future generations to explore the unknowns!

Өдрийн өмнө
The canary Is dead
The canary Is dead

Craters that would be inaccessible to the rover, or that deep hole near the south pole, would be great places to fly. One of those deep trenches May yet have traces of water, frozen just beneath the surface. Where there is water, there is life.

Өдрийн өмнө
Сварожічъ Х'Арійскі
Сварожічъ Х'Арійскі

NASA has the budget of 27 mil a day! And this is what they came up with? Lol

Өдрийн өмнө
thenerdnetwork
thenerdnetwork

Hmm... sure seems like the $10 BILLION they spent on this project is worth it... meanwhile you can buy a drone at wal mart for under $100. I will tell ya what, if NASA cuts me a check for $5 billion I will tell them right now what they will find on that planet, spoiler... its red, rocky, dusty... and no life on it whatsoever... make the check payable to cash...ty.

Өдрийн өмнө
Deepyn dixies
Deepyn dixies

This mission is going to be a mess

Өдрийн өмнө
Oracle Davis
Oracle Davis

Attached two small Zeppelin shape balloon to provide lift for the device. Go figure it out.

Өдрийн өмнө
Cryptic Thunder
Cryptic Thunder

Wasting my tax money on this stupid thing when it could be going to real projects like going back to the moon.

Өдрийн өмнө
binaryalgorithm
binaryalgorithm

I'm thinking short flights/hops, recharge solar, repeat.

Өдрийн өмнө
DeinLieblingsTimmey
DeinLieblingsTimmey

U can visit mars with google earth (erath, moon, mars) - I found a place which was hand blurred with typical tools like photoshop or fireworks. It looks so strange, because it as not a quadrat, you have seen the brush tool circle here and there. I got interested in this space and zommed the max in. Near the hand blured line you can clearly see buildings. 90° angles, like "our" human buildings, near by near, some in the same size some a bit more complex.Since I found this place - I "know" we are already on mars and we have also build already buildings which are important enought to blur them by hand. I think its Tesla - or military - or both. But I guess its tesla. This is why I say to myself in that moment I have some dollars to spend for, I will buy as many tesla stocks as I can because I already know they only "try" to reach mars for public in 2020 and it will, oh wonder, be a success, and in 5 years it will go official and the stocks will raise hard.

Өдрийн өмнө
Juan Carlos Santilli
Juan Carlos Santilli

Are you sure coaxial rotors are more efficient??

Өдрийн өмнө
Coven of the Arks
Coven of the Arks

---a story by a child who lost his desire to become a scientist - I WAS ONLY 10 IN THE 80'S, MY PARENTS BOUGHT ME A ROBOT, THAT JUST HAD A NUMBER PAD. THE ROBOT WOULD GO WHATEVER FEET I SPECIFIED, TURN A SPECIFIED DEGREE AND SEARCH AREAS BASED ON MY INSTRUCTIONS. IT WAS SO COOL TO WATCH. BUT AS A TEN YEAR OLD, THEY HAD NO CAMERAS OR AVOIDANCE SENSORS and, of course, no GPS.. I WAS IMPRESSED WITH IT. BUT ONE DAY WE WENT ON VACATION FOR ONE OR 2 WEEKS. WHILE WE WERE GONE , SOMEHOW, THE PILOT LIGHT IN OUR OIL HEATER FLAMED OUT. THE HOUSE , THE OIL, AND THE WATER IN THE PIPES FROZE. THE WATER EXPANDED, CRACKING THE PIPES, THUS, FLOODING THE HOUSE. THE UNFROZEN WATER FLOWED EVERYWHERE, TURNING THE HOUSE INTO A DISNEY MOVIE, "ICE QUEEN" OR "FROZEN" . MY LITTLE ROBOT WAS IN THE BASEMENT ON THE POOL TABLE, THE WATER PIPES EXPLODED ONTO IT AND FROZE EVERTHING IN ICE. EVERYTHING CRACKED , RIPPED APART, OR SHATTERED. IT WAS ONE OF THE WORST DAYS OF MY FAMILIE'S LIFE. I TRIED TO FIND ANOTHER ROBOT LIKE THAT ONE, BUT THEY DISCONTINUED MAKING THEM. SADDEST DAY OF MY LIFE. IT WAS LIKE HAVING MY OWN NASA ROBOT, ONLY I KNEW THE CODES TO ENTER INSTRUCTIONS. I CRIED FOR MONTHS (REMEMBER I WAS ONLY 9 OR 10).

Өдрийн өмнө
shivam suri
shivam suri

Hey there ! My dear friend. Awesome coverage on this mars helicopter. One thing I would like to know though, is 1.) what material has been used in the manufacture of propeller blades? 2.) Considered it would be flying at Mach 0.7, how would the aerodynamic parameters be concerned, with reference to the square shaped fuselage?

Өдрийн өмнө
Coven of the Arks
Coven of the Arks

GRAVITY OFFLOAD !? Because the atmosphere is much thinner on mars, this helicopter, tethered to a helium blimp or a gas blimp lighter than the air on mars would succeed in creating a longer flight time. ?. On earth many helicopter drone enthusiasts do not tether their heli drones to helium blimps, because they say it will cause too much drag. BUT ON MARS, WITH THE ATMOSPHERE THINNER, The drag wouldn't be as much of an issue and the Mars Heli drone could stay airborne much longer. I may be wrong. If NASA could explain why they can't float the heli drone for a minute or two, then release it; , it would be greatly appreciated. Heli , hell, shell, spinning, planet, hurricane, watch the poles of the helli. Trademark-- Need to heal, seel, shelly, helli, spinny, whiny. Space hurricane anyone?

Өдрийн өмнө
Coven of the Arks
Coven of the Arks

VE (veritas) .In Roman mythology, Veritas, meaning truth, is the goddess of truth, a daughter of Chronos, the Titan of Time. THEY CALL THEMSELVES VERITASIUM LIKE A CHEMICAL. FUNNY.

Өдрийн өмнө
Quantum Brotherhood
Quantum Brotherhood

Awesome

Өдрийн өмнө
Oathblivion
Oathblivion

It's super cool that they didn't use aerogel if it wasn't necessary because of weight. Those guys meant every word when they said every part was considered for weight. I can't wait to see what this thing can accomplish when it gets to Mars. edit: And it's just a tech demo? Maybe, but I think that's underestimating the potential of what 90s of flight with a color camera can uncover. :O

Өдрийн өмнө
Jake10454
Jake10454

The most important question: How long until we can fly it over Opportunity to blow the dust off her solar panels and revive her?

Өдрийн өмнө
Robust Misconception
Robust Misconception

I wonder if that 20 minutes latency problem can be fixed via a simulation with a memory buffer. We have pretty good cameras, I assume it is possible for an elite team of programmers to create a sort of 90 second simulation to be used for each hop. The pilot would have the option to discard the sequence of commands or send it to the drone to execute. I mean we know all these variables as air pressure and gravity in mars, I guess they should be able to work something out if they really want to be able to fly it manually on occasion.

Өдрийн өмнө
SuperFluctalFlight
SuperFluctalFlight

This topic would be perfect for a SmarterEveryDay collab... Destin did a whole series on the mechanics of helicopter flight.

Өдрийн өмнө
Rudy2k5
Rudy2k5

I would love to be on a Veritasium Airline ^_^

Өдрийн өмнө
John Leicester
John Leicester

You should send a Dirigible too

Өдрийн өмнө
Kiki Tay
Kiki Tay

in your face! Thunderf00t!

Өдрийн өмнө
CyberNonymous G
CyberNonymous G

*the last day of final*

2 өдрийн өмнө
Марко Пејић
Марко Пејић

I have one question, can He ballon fly on Mars?

2 өдрийн өмнө
Qishi Li
Qishi Li

2:59 I don't get it. What's so funny?

2 өдрийн өмнө
ben3847
ben3847

the martians gonna be spooked af

2 өдрийн өмнө
Alex Whitton
Alex Whitton

5:43 imagine if you were an alien on Mars and you just hear that coming over the hill.

2 өдрийн өмнө
Noah Nobody
Noah Nobody

Good'ol Jack Parsons Laboratories.

2 өдрийн өмнө
TheBurek
TheBurek

You're overeastimating smartphone batteries. Around 4 Wh is the average nowadays, so that would be more like 10 batteries, not 3.

2 өдрийн өмнө
v.v.v.v jojo
v.v.v.v jojo

Tax money is wasted😥

2 өдрийн өмнө
Rajas Bhide
Rajas Bhide

I really feel bad that such a great informative video gets barely a million views and a minecraft video get 10 million... says more about us as people than about the content creators

2 өдрийн өмнө
Richard Deese
Richard Deese

Thanks! Wow! Between this & the Titan Dragonfly, NASA's getting bold! Way to go, folks! I'm lovin' it! The possibilities are endless. I can't wait until these missions get first flight. Keep up the great work. Thanks again. 𝓡𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲 𝓣𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲.

2 өдрийн өмнө
True Crony
True Crony

I rather see a fleet of weather balloons and/or quad-copters.

2 өдрийн өмнө
Prodipta Ghosh
Prodipta Ghosh

See Bob Balaram is an INDIAN he should be in ISRO

2 өдрийн өмнө
Freddy Krueger
Freddy Krueger

it would be great if they could find the Beagle 2 on Mars.

2 өдрийн өмнө
Freddy Krueger
Freddy Krueger

A Mars a day, Helps you work, rest & play.

2 өдрийн өмнө
AwsomeLikeYou Bro
AwsomeLikeYou Bro

3:00 my fake friend laugh be like😂✌️

2 өдрийн өмнө
maskyschannel
maskyschannel

Funky Aerodynamics should be the name of a band

2 өдрийн өмнө
Cosmopolitan
Cosmopolitan

Anybody notice that Derek has a cameraman?

2 өдрийн өмнө
Jamesc00ls0x
Jamesc00ls0x

Another amazing and educational video from my boi!

2 өдрийн өмнө
Jan Sten Adámek
Jan Sten Adámek

Seeing this helicopter, I wonder what has happened to that Mars plane. I heard about it years ago, yet it never took flight.

2 өдрийн өмнө
annarboriter
annarboriter

and which other planetary and lunar surfaces are potential candidates for this sort of drone craft?

2 өдрийн өмнө
darthspeaks
darthspeaks

The martian soil is about 15% iron. Imagine the amount of iron those magnets in those electronic drone would collect around them props.

2 өдрийн өмнө
dreday92x
dreday92x

so fascinating, i love how these scientists keep pretending we dont know how to create levatating planes or that mars is not full of life just like the moon, the same life that causes us to not visit the moon anymore...

2 өдрийн өмнө
Unknown Being
Unknown Being

Bruh what are you talking about

Өдрийн өмнө
NeonPinkful
NeonPinkful

The most amazing fact about this thing is the price efficiency! I imagine a rover is quite a lot more expensive .

2 өдрийн өмнө
Judess 69er
Judess 69er

why don't they just use atomic batteries in the drone o.o' i mean its not like its gonna be around humans on mars o.o' probably wont ever have to recharge the thing in its lifetime

2 өдрийн өмнө
kim ahlmann
kim ahlmann

hehe 11 o clock mars time

2 өдрийн өмнө
jbbudish
jbbudish

I could make it lighter. (Could also carry more sensors and equipment, with longer flight time) Terrible design really. Why!?!

2 өдрийн өмнө
jack jones
jack jones

Cydonia Mensa flight ha ha

2 өдрийн өмнө
Just TR Stuffs
Just TR Stuffs

Balaram knows his stuff!

2 өдрийн өмнө

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